The pioneering researches on Indonesia are mostly done
by Dutch scholars who formulated various theories based on
archaeological remains. Since then, a large number of new discoveries
have been brought to light. The present book Recent Studies in
Indonesian Archaeology includes seventeen research papers contributed
by eminent scholars of Indonesia. These papers mainly focus on
Balinese and Javanese archaeology.
Prehistoric evidence points to the existence of
developed societies practicing ancestral worship and also engaged in
regional barter trade. The megalithic study reveals prevalence of
homogenous culture continuing from Sumbawa to east of Bali.
International trade gained strength because of the availability of
natural products. Maritime activities culminated into the development
of Hindu-Buddhist culture. The Padmasana in Bali brings to light the
understanding of Indian philosophy.
The sculptural analysis of the divine figures throws
light on the enigmatic character of the deity. The location of the
temples, especially in Central Java, is based on the geographical
settings. The metal working shows elements of pre-Hindu technology.
Land-ownership broaches the social and administrative system of
ancient Bali. The Subak system shows continuity of Balisnese
traditional social institution. The structural spatial analysis
exposes the social and cultural significance of the city of the
Islamic period. These pages provide the reader of the various aspects
of Indonesian culture.