Texts on Music & Dance
RAGAVIBODHAISBN : 978-81-208-3794-2
The Ragavibodha is a masterpiece on musicology from the 17th century. It was composed by SomanŒtha to address the existing contradictions between the ancients’ theory and prevailing performance practices; thus making it an indispensable treatise, to be included in the Kalamulasastra series of the IGNCA.
RAGALAKSANA SRI MUDDHUVNKATAMAKHINISBN : 978-81-208-3408-8Edited By :R. SATHYANARAYANA
(2010, xvii + 376 pp)
The Rāgalakṣaṇam was composed by Mudduveṅkaṭamakhin in Tanjore in the early eighteenth century CE. It is an important text of Karnataka music and appeared in an effervescent epoch in the development of this music system of which it deals only with rāga…Read MoreIt collects, classifies, codifies and characterizes the entire music base of the Indian peninsula. The author was a musician, musicologist and music composer of high order. His contribution to the world of music is twofold; systematization of the theory of rāga content of his times and creating music to crystallize the character and scope of each rāga described.
The author derived his inspiration from his great-grandfather, Veṅkaṭmakhim who revolutionized the theory and practice of Indian music through his scheme of seventy-two melas. His Caturdaṇḍīprakāśīkā illustrates the four fun dam en tal components ( daṇḍī of music-gīta, ālāpa, ṭhāya and prabandha, which his paramaguro (teacher’s teacher) Tanappa postulated and illustrated. His own guru was his father Govindadīkṣita who made the first daṇḍīs in practice in his Saṅgītasudhā.
Thus a line of four important musicians musicologists-composer of south India – Tānappā, Govindadiīkṣita, Veṅkaṭamakhin and Mudduveṅkaṭamakhin -built up or reorganized a textual tradition which supported a living dynamic tradition of performed music in which hundreds of composers, thousands of performers and countless listeners endeavoured to continuously strengthen and nourish it. The Rāgalakṣaṇam marks an important phase of this great evolution.
SANGITANARAYANA of SRI PURUSOTTAMA MISRAISBN : 978-81-208-3289-3Edited By :Mandakaranta Bose
(2009, xix + 968 pp)
The Saṅgītanārāyaṇa is a Sanskrit text on music and dance written in the seventeenth century by Puruṣottama Miśra, a minister at the court of King Gajapati Nārāyaṇadeva of Parlākimiḍi in Orissa and his instructor in musicology, with the assistance of the king…Read MoreWhile the precise date of the Sang”itaniiriiya1Ja is not known, its relationship to Puruṣottama Miśra and Gajapati Nārāyaṇadeva prompts us to place it in the first half of the seventeenth century.
One of the most valuable and extensive texts on music and dance from eastern India, the Saṅgītanārāyaṇa consists of four chapters, the first on vocal music (gītanirṇaya), the second on instrumental music ( vādyanirṇaya), the third on dance and dramatic art (nāṭyanirṇaya), and the fourth chapter that provides examples of musical compositions (śuddhaprabandhodhāraṇa).
Altogether fifteen manuscripts of the text are known to exist, some full and some fragmentary. An edition of the text comprising all the four chapters was published first by Orissa Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1966 under the joint editorship of Pandit Vanambaracarya, Kavichandra Kalicharan Patnaik and Shri Kedarnath Mahapatra. A more recent edition of the three musicological chapters was accomplished in 1987 by Jonathan Katz at Oxford but remains yet unpublished. Present edition is the first critical edition, which also provides an English translation of the text.
CATURDANDIPRAKASIKA of SRI VENKATAMAKHINISBN : 81-208-1851-2Edited By :R. SATHYANARAYANA
(2006, xxv+472 pp)
The Caturdaṇḍīprakāśikā (c. CE 1650) of Venkatamakhin is a fundamental treatise of Karnataka music and marks the rearguard in the renaissance of Indian music. It has launched a crucial, conceptual revolution which has metamorphosed this musical system into an enduring and attractive paddhati…Read MoreIt has been profoundly influencing every musician, musicologist and composer of south India ever since it was written. This influence will remain undimmed in the foreseeable future.
The Caturdaṇḍīprakāśikā is written in ten chapters: Sruti, Svara, Mela, Rāga, Ālāpa, Ṭhāya, Gīta, Prabandha and Tāla. It is being issued in two volumes: The first volume consists of the critically edited text, English translation, text-critical comments, critical and explanatory notes, several indices and a
detailed critical introduction. The second volume contains a critical study of rare commentary of this text called Makhihṛdaya.
Volume ISBN 2006,xxv+472pp., (Vol. I) 81-208-1849-0 xxviii+666 (Vol. II) 81-208-1850-4 1998 Vol. III, xi+557pp. :81-208-1219-0
THE SANGITOPANISAT- SARODDHARAHISBN : 81-208-1548-3Edited By :ALLYN MINER
The Sudhākalaśa Saṅgītaratnākara is an important medieval text written in 1350 CE. It is attributed to a Jaina scholar, Vācanācārya Śrī Sudhākalaśa and represents a distinctive western Indian and Jaina stream of musicology…Read MoreComposed about 100 years subsequent to the great compendium, the Saṅgītaratnākara, there is significant difference in its approach and treatment of the subject. This text stands in an intermediary position between the Saṅgītaratnākara and the later medieval works such as the Nartananirṇaya. While epitomizing the Indian phenomenon of an adherence to certain key fundamentals, it unfolds and reveals many processes of interaction and focuses attention on particular aspects of form and technique. It is also an important text for the change it reflects in understanding the Rāgas and Rāginīs assigning gender and visualizing an iconography.
TARJUMA-I-MANAKUTUHALA & RISALA-I-RAGADARPANAISBN : 81-208-1282-4Edited By :SHAHAB SARMADEE
This is the first Persian text brought out in the Kalāmūlaśāstra Series. The volume presents a combined text on music in Persian that was compiled during the seventeenth century CE. The fact of its being a combined text has gone unnoticed till recently. Read MoreThis work is important from various points of view.It was through the first part of this text i.e. up to chapter two that an important compilation on the identification of Rāgas accomplished under the supervision of Rājā Mansingh Tomar of Gwalior entitled Mānakutūhala is preserved for posterity in Persian translation, which was till now considered lost in original. The appended treatise incorporates further details on the development of contemporary music.
It is undoubtedly one of the few important texts which sheds significant light on the music of the Mughal period. Also, a unique feature of this work is that it covers the period during which the internal and the external forces worked together resulting in a new synthesis. In this configuration, music played a significant role to integrate diverse views.
NARTANANIRNAYA of SRI PANDARIKA VITTHALAISBN : 81-208-1217-9Edited By :R. SATHYANARAYANA
(1994, Vol. I, xiii+357pp.)
The Nartananirṇaya is one of the notable Sanskrit treatise on Indian music and dance, appearing after the Saṅgītaratnākara of Śārṅgadeva. Its author Śrī Paṇḍarīka Viṭṭhala (sixteenth century) was a profound and versatile scholar who had also written Ṣaḍrāgacandrodaya, Rāgamālā, Rāgamañjarī, Dūtīkarmaprakāśa and Śīghrabodhinī-nāmamālā.Read MoreHe adorned the courts of Hindu and Muslim kings, including those of the rulers of Jaipur and Mughal Emperor Akbar.
With a unique methodical plan, the Nartananirṇaya progresses through stepwise contributions of the cymbal player, the mṛdaṅga-player and the singer to dancing, in the first three chapters before culminating in its longest and fourth chapter on the dancer. This chapter contains many novel features in the performance conventions and repertoire including some dance forms of both the south and north India. Its delineation of bandha nṛtya and anibandha nṛtya deserves serious attention of both traditionalist and innovative dancers.
The presentation is based on extensive and wide-ranging critical apparatus; it offers detailed text-critical and exegetical comments. The text is supported by a readable translation as well as comprehensive and erudite commentary and numerous indices.
Volume ISBN Price 1994,Vol. I, xiii+357pp. 81-208-1217-9 Rs. 450 1996,Vol.II,xi+491pp 81-208-1218-2 Rs.650 1998 Vol. III, xi+557pp. :81-208-1219-0 Rs 800
ŚRĪHASTAMUKTĀVALĪ OF SUBHANKARA KAVIISBN : 81-208-0829-0Edited By :MAHESWAR NEOG
Many texts on music, dance and drama continued to be written in different parts of India through the seventeenth century.
Between the twelfth and the sixteenth century, regional styles emerged.Of the medieval texts Śubhaṅkara Kavi’s Śrīhastamuktāvalī belongs to the eastern tradition and is significant for its detailed treatment of the hastas (hand gestures). While there is ambiguity with regard to its origins, the text has been found in Maithili and in Assamese transcripts. It throws light on the language of the hand gestures which may have been followed in the eastern regions.
The editor points out the similarities as also differences in the treatment of the subject in Śrīhastamuktāvalī, Nāṭyaśāstra and the Saṅgītaratnākara traditions.
BRHADDSI of SRI MATANGA MUNIISBN : 81-208-1031-7Edited By :PREM LATA SHARMA
(1992, Vol.I, xviii+193pp)
The Bṛhaddeśī ascribed to Mataṅga Muni, and most probably belonging to the sixth century CE, is a landmark in Saṅgītaśāstra for more than one reason. It is the solitary text that forges a link between Nāṭyaśāstra and Dattilam Read Moreon one hand and Abhinavabhāratī on the other, the gap extending over more than 500 years. Its direct influence on later texts like Saṅgītaratnākara and its commentaries is obvious in various ways, be it nāda from the tantric stream or the etymology of various terms or the description of rāgas.
Speaking of saṅgīta, the Bṛhaddeśī is the first extant text to describe Rāga, to introduce sā ri gā mā notation, to usher in a fresh approach towards śruti, svara, grāma, mūrcchanā, etc. and to introduce prabandha, the compositional form independent on drama, to establish the concept of deśī and its counterpart mārga and to mention ethnic groups like śabara, pulinda and nāga in the context of bhāṣās (varieties) of grāma-rāgas.
The volumes present the first critical edition of this well- known, but almost inaccessible text, along with variant readings, an English translation, textual notes and annotations.
Volume ISBN Price 1992, Vol.I, xviii+193pp. 81-208-1031-7 Rs. 275 1994, Vol. II, xviii+320pp. 81-208-1032-5 Rs.300
DATTILAM of DATTILA MUNIISBN : 81-208-0586-0Edited By :MUKUND LATH
(1988, xvii+236pp, textual notes., com., appen., bibl.)
The Dattilam, ascribed to Dattila Muni, is a remarkable treatise from the earliest known period of organized systematic writing on music in India. The work can be placed in the same period as that of the available recension of the Nāṭyaśāstra of Bharata MuniRead More(c. first century CE) and it presents a well-developed Śāstric tradition of analytical thinking on music.
The treatise is devoted to the description of gāndharva, a sacred corpus of music, derived from the still more ancient sāman, the sacred Vedic form. gāndharva was also the source of later musical forms from which the present forms have descended. As a text the Dattilam is not merely important in the historical context but also as a text of perennial significance for it articulates a framework and approach in musicology with which our understanding of musical forms is still impregnated. This edition presents the only available manuscript of the text, along with its translation and a commentary.