GANJIFA CARDS - PERSONAL COLLECTION OF SHRI KISHOR N GORDHANDAS

Among the popular Pastimes of Ancient India, the game of Cards (Ganjifa) found as much favour with Kings, Courtiers and general masses as the Pachisi (Dice) and Chess. While the popularity of Chess continues unabated to this day, the Ganjifa Cards and their games have passed into oblivion. We do not know whether the card games were played for amusement or speculation, but the Indian Ganjifa Cards were and are extremely colourful and painted in such a wide variety that one tends to hold one’s breath.Read More...

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S.N Place Theme Artist Number of cards /suit/shape/ Material used/ Size/additional information Year of the set
1 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 288 /24 / round / card/ 10.2 cms. dia 2007
2 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 240 / 20 / round / patta / 7.5 cms. Dia. 1995
3 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 192 / 16 / rectangle / card / 9.9cms. x 6.75cms 1988
4 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 144 / 12 / round / card/ 8.75 cms. dia. / With LakshmiDevi on all pradhan cards. Darachitri 1995
5 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 120/10/round /card/ 8.2 cms. dia. All rajas on elephants, pradhans on horses- Facsimile from a set in British Museum, London. 2002
6 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 120/10/ round / patta / 7.5 cms. dia. 1996
7 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dashavatara Banamali Mahapatra 144/12/oval / patta/ 6.75 x 9.0 cms / bird version 1996
8 Chikiti, Orissa Dashavatara Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round / patta / 8.00 cms. dia / bird version - LakshmiDevi with Vishnu in reclining posture. 1993
9. Chikiti, Orissa Dashavatara Appana Mahapatro 192/16/round / card / 8.2 cms. dia / Vishnu below parasol. 1993
10 Chikiti, Orissa Dashavatara Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round / patta / 8.2 cms. dia. /Bird version- Vishnu with Sheshnag / Vishnu with Laxmidevi on raja cards 1993
11 Chikiti, Orissa Dashavatara Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round / card / 8.75 cms. dia./ bird version 1993
12 Parlakhemundi Dashavatara Prakashchandra Mahapatra 192/16/round / patta / 8.2 cms. dia. 1993  
13 Puri Dashavatara Not known 144/12/ (Less 2 cards) /round / card /9.0 cms. dia./ excellent / (total 142 cards-missing cards are of raja and pradhan of Kartikeya suit) 1998
14 Puri Dashavatara Not known 144/12/rectangular/ palm leaf / 7.7cms. x 3.8cms / needle-carved 1986
15 Berhampur, Orissa Dashavatara Sitakanta Mahapatra 120/10/small-round / patta / 6.6cms. dia. 1988
16 Raghurajpur, Orissa Navagunjara (Ath-Rangi) Nine Limbed animal as Vishnu on raja cards Banamali Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 8.75 cms. dia 1997
17 Raghurajpur, Orissa Navagunjara (Ath-Rangi) bird version Banamali Mahapatra 96/8/large-round / patta / 8.75 cms. dia 1997
18 Puri, Orissa Navagunjara (Ath-Rangi) Not known 96/8/rectangular / card / 9.2cms. x 5.5cms. 1987
19 Puri, Orissa Navagunjara (Ath-Rangi) Not known 96/8/rectangular / sandalwood / 7.7cms. x 4.2cms./ painted on sandalwood 1988
20 Puri, Orissa Moghul ganjifa Not known 96/8/round / patta / 6.7 cms. dia./ Bird version. Bazar Quality 1988
21 Raghurajpur, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Krishna-Radha Ashtamall Eight episodes of Bal-Krishna, with demons. Banamali Mahapatra 96/8/rectangular / card / 6.3cms. x 8.75cms. 1990
22 Raghurajpur, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Krishna on raja and Radha on vazir cards Banamali Mahapatra 96/8/round / card / 7.6 cms. dia. / Bird version. 1995
23 Raghurajpur, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Balaram on raja cards; Krishna on pradhan cards Banamali Mahapatra 96/8/round / card / 7.6 cms. dia. 1995
24 Chikiti, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Krishna-Balarama Ashtmali-in standing position Appana Mahapatro   96/8/round / patta / 7.6 cms. dia. 1993
25 Chikiti, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Krishna-Radha sitting on a swing, Bal Krishna on pradhan cards / extended version Apparna Mahapatro 120/10/round / card / 7.5 cms. dia. 1993
26 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Ath-Rangi-Sara: Krishna-Balarama Ashtamali-in sitting position Not known 96/8/round / patta / 6.75 cms. dia.   1990
27     Parlakhemundi, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: Krishna Radha Ashtamali-in standing position Prakshchandra Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 7.7 cms. dia. 1990
28 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Moghul ganjifa Prakashchandra Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 7.3cms. dia 1990
29 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Moghul ganjifa Prakashchandra Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 7.3 cm. dia./ bird version 1992
30 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Navagraha (Nine Planets) ganjifa Prakashchandra Mahapatra 108/9/round / patta /8.2 cms. dia. 1993
31 Chikiti, Orissa Ath-Rangi sara -Rama Pattabhisheka (Enthroning of Sri Ramachandra) Eight various incidents in Rama's life Appana Mahapatro 96/8/round / patta / 7.8 cms. dia. 1992
32 Chikiti, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara- Rama-Pattabhisheka. Eight other Episodes in Rama’s Life Appana Mahapatro 96/8/round / patta / 11.6 cms. dia. / Large pictures with minute detail. 1993
33 Berhampur, Orissa Ath-Rangi sara rath-hathi (Chariot Elephant) Bird version Sitakanta Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 6.7 cmc. dia. 1988
34   Berhampur, Orissa Ath-Rangi sara rath-hathi (Chariot Elephant) Sitakanta Mahapatra 96/8/round / patta / 6.7 cms. dia. 1988
35 Puri, Orissa Navagunjara ganjifa-nine limbed animal-Vishnu and pradhan being Arjuna Not Known 96/8/round-small sized / On coloured sticker cards / 5.7cms. dia. (Total-95 cards-one card missing – 3 of ghulam) 1988
36 Chikiti, Orissa Navagraha (Nine planets) ganjifa Appana Mahapatro 108/9/round / patta / 7.8cms. dia. (Total- 107- one card missing-raja of chandra) 1990
37 Chikiti, Orissa Navagraha ganjifa-extended version of nine planets- with addition of Pluto, Uranus, & Neptune Appana Mahapatro 144/12/round / cards / 8.75cms. dia. 1992
38 Chikiti, Orissa Ashta Dikpala ganjifa with animal vehicles as suit symbols Appana Mahapatro 96/8/round / card / 9.8 cms. dia. 1992
39 Chikiti, Orissa Ashta -dikpala ganjifa with weapons and attributes as suit symbols Appana Mahapatro 96/8/round / card /8.2 cms. dia.   1992
40 Chikiti, Orissa Rama Pattabhisheka Ath-Rangi Sara extended version of 96 cards with two addition suits Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round / patta / 7.8 cms. dia. 1992
41         Chikiti, Orissa   Dasamahavidya-ten forms of devi. With Shiva on all the raja cards. pradhan cards show ten different pictures of Parvati's forms Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round-large / card / 9.5 cms. dia. 2002
42 Chikiti, Orissa Dasamahavidya-ten forms of devi. With Devi on tiger on all raja cards. pradhan cards show ten different pictures of Parvati's forms Appana Mahapatro 120/10/round/ card / 8.75 cms. dia.. 2002
43 Chikiti, Orissa Bhagawat Rahasya ganjifa-episodes from Srimad Bhagawat. Story of Bhagwat in ten parts Appana Mahapatro 144/12/round / card /8.75 cms. dia. 1990
44 Chikiti, Orissa Mahabharata ganjifa-twelve scenes of the epic. Appana Mahapatro 144/12/round/ card / 9.9 cms. dia. 1992
45 Raghurajpur, Orissa Arundhati and Saptarishis ganjifa Banamali Mahapatro 96/8/round/ patta / 9.99 cms. dia. 2000
46 Raghurajpur, Orissa Arundhati and Saptarishis ganjifa-fascimile of an earlier set painted on ivory in German Musuem Banamali Mahapatro 96/8/round / patta / 9.99 cms. dia. 2000
47 Behrampur, Orissa Arundhati and Saptarishis ganjifa Sitakanta Mahapatro 96/8/round/ card / 7.5 cms. dia. 1998
48 Raghurajpur, Orissa Sapta matrika ganjifa Banamali Mahapatro 96/8/round / card / 8.7 cms. dia. 2000
49 Behrampur, Orissa Sapta matrika ganjifa Sitakanta Mahapatro 96/8/round / patta / 6.7cms. dia. 2000
50 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dancer ganjifa - Vishnu on rajas, and Arjun on pradhan cards- Dancers on numeral cards Banamali Mahapatro 120/10/round/ card / 9.9cms. dia. 1998
51 Raghurajpur, Orissa Dancer ganjifa with Indra on raja cards/Indrani on Vazir cards- Dancers on numeral cards Banamali Mahapatra 120/10/round / card / 8.8 cms. dia. 1998
52 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Ramayana ganjifa. Colourful episodes are found in this set. Facsimile of earlier set now in the V& A Museum, London, made by Vaishnav Mahapatra, 125 years ago. Prakashchandra Mahapatra 120/10/round / patta / 8.5cms. dia. 1996
53 Sonepur, Subernapur dist, Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Ganjappa showing Sri Rama's army on first 72 cards and Ravan's army on the last 72 cards. Satyanarayan Maharana 144/12/round / patta / Putalabandi / 6.3cms. dia.   1995
54 Sonepur, Subernapur dist, Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Ganjappa Satyanarayan Maharana 144/12/round/ patta / 3.8cms. dia. 1995
55 Sonepur, Subernapur dist, Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Ganjappa Putalabandi. Satyanarayan Maharana 144/12/round/ card / 8.75cms. dia. 1996
56     Sonepur, Subernapur Dist. Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Bicycle Ganjappa Satyanarayan Maharana 144/12/round / card / 5.6 cms. dia. All the 12 Pradhans are shown riding bicycles! 1998
57 Sonepur, Subernapur dist, Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Ganjappa Gyananidhi Maharana 144/12/round/card / 8.2cms. dia./Putalabandi 2007
58 Sonepur, Subernapur Dist, Orissa Sonepur Ramayana Motorbike Ganjappa Gyannidhi Maharana 144/12/round / card / 6.1 cms. dia. Different motorcycle on each pradhan card 2007
59 Raghurajpur, Orissa Nakshatra (28 constellations) Jagannath Mahapatra 336/28/round / patta / 7.00 cms. dia. 1986
60 Puri, Orissa Rashi (Zodiac signs) ganjifa Not Known 144/12/rectangular / patta / 9.0cms. x 6.0cms. 1985
61 Chikiti, Orissa Rashi (Zodiac signs) ganjifa Appana Mahapatro 144/12/round/ card/ 10.2 cms. dia./ surya on raja cards 1990
62 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Naqsh Prakashchandra Mahapatra 60/5/round / patta / 7.2 cms. dia.   1990
63 Parlakhemundi, Orissa Naqsh Prakashchandra Mahapatra 60/5/round/patta / 6.2 cms. dia. 1990
64. Bishnupur, W.Bengal Dashavatara Sital Fouzdar 120/10/round / patta / 5.2cms. dia. 2000
65 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Dashavatara Sital Fouzdar 120/10/round/ patta / 7.2cms. dia. 2000
66 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Dashavatara Sital Fouzdar 120/10/round/ card / 15.4cms. dia. 2000
67 Bishnupur, W. Bengal Dashavatara Bansori Fouzdar 120/10/round / patta / 10.5 cms. dia. 1992
68 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Dasamahavidya (ten forms of Durga) ganjifa Bansori Fouzdar 120/10/round/ patta/ 10.8cms. dia. 1996
69 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Naqsh Subal Fouzdar 48/4/round/ patta / 11.5cms. dia./ Four suits of 12 cards each 2002
70 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Naqsh Sital Fouzdar 48/4/round / patta / 2.00cms. dia. 2004
71 Bishnupur, W.Bengal Naqsh Sital Fouzdar 48/4/rectangular / patta /9.0 cms. x 6.0 cms. 2005
72 Nirmal, Andhra Pradesh Dashavatara Busongini Nirmal 120/10/small/ card / 5.2cms. dia. 2004
73 Nirmal, Andhra Pradesh Dashavatara Busongini Nirmal 120/10/round / card / 7.3 cms. dia./ Fascimile Original of 1790, of Nossom, Deccan in Vienna Museum 2007
74 Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh Dashavatara Deccan-1840 Older Not Known 120/10/round, small / card / 4.60cms. dia 1840
75 Nirmal, Andhra Pradesh Mughal ganjifa- Changa Rani Busongini Nirmal 96/8/round / card / 5.3cms. dia. 2006
76 Nirmal, Andhra Pradesh Mughal ganjifa- Rajasthan Style Busongini Nirmal 96/8/round / card / 5.2cms. dia. 2007
77   Nirmal, Andhra Pradesh Mughal ganjifa- Changa Rani Busongini Nirmal 96/8/rectangle/ card /9.3cm. X 6.2cms 1994
78 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Not known older set 117/10 (117 cards from 120 cards-three less) round, patta / 6.5 cms. dia. Early 20 th century
79 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Not known older set 116/10 (less 4), round / patta / 4.5 cms dia Late 19th century
80 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/ Darachitri/ round / card / 9.9 cms. dia. 1990
81 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Kanekar 120/10/Darachitri/round / card / 11.00 cms. dia. 2007
82 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/ round / card / 9.9 cms./ pure gold and silver leaf painted 1995
83 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/round / card / 8.2 cms dia 1990
84 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/square / card / 8.2” x 8.2”/ 10-colour background 1998
85 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/square/ card/ 3.9cms. x 3.9cms. 1998
86 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/ round/ card / 5.2 cms.dia. 2000
87 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/round/ card / 3.00cms. dia. 1986
88 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/round / card / 8.2 cms. dia / bird version 1986
89 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Workshop 120/10/ round/ card /8.2 cms. dia/ animal version 1986
90 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Not known 120/10/ round / card / 8.2 cms. dia./ Excellent workmanship; minute details, supplied with jari cloth bag- different school. 1998
91 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Not known 120/10/ round / card / 8.75 cms. dia. /another school 1988
92 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dashavatara Facsimile 120/10/round / card / 7.8 cms. dia. / a facsimile of an earlier 18th century AD painted Dashavatara ganjifa cards of Sheopur, Madhya Pradesh 2006
93 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Moghul ganjifa- Changa Kanchan Workshop 96/8/round / card / 8.2 cms. dia. 1986
94 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Moghul ganjifa- Changa Kanchan Workshop 96/8/round/ card /3.00cms. dia. 2000
95 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Moghul ganjifa- Rajasthan style Workshop 96/8/round / card / 5.0cms. dia. 2006
96 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Dhanalakshmi ganjifa- nine forms of Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi Workshop 108/9/rectangular / card / 9.9cms x 7.9cms. 1990
97 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Navagraha (Nine planets) ganjifa Workshop 108/9/round / card / 10.4cms. dia. 1990
98 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Navagraha (Nine planets) ganjifa Workshop 108/9/round / card / 8.2cms. dia. 1986
99 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Musical instrument ganjifa Workshop 120/10/round / card / 8.2cms. dia. 1988
100 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Rashi (Zodiac Signs) ganjifa Workshop 144/12/round/ card / 8.2 cms. dia. 1988
101 Bangalore, Karnataka Dashavatara Sudha Venkatesh 120/10/round / card / 7.9cms. dia / Mysore style 1995
102 Mysore, Karnataka Dashavatara Raghupathi Bhatt 120/10/ round / card / 7.1cms. dia./ Mysore style 2002
103 Mysore, Karnataka Dashavatara Raghupati Bhatt 120/10/ round / special velvet back card / screen printed / 5.00cms. dia. 2000
104 Bangalore, Karnataka Marriage cards Sudha Venkatesh 36/4/rectangle/ card / 9.00cms. x 5.00cms./ Mysore style 1990
105 Bangalore, Karnataka Navin Rama Sudha Venkatesh 36/4/rectangle / card / 10.5cms. x 7.4cms./ Mysore style 1990
106 Bangalore, Karnataka Krishnaraj Chad Sudha Venkatesh 72/4/rectangle / card / 9.4cms. x 6.4cms./ Mysore style 1994
107 Bangalore, Karnataka Krishnaraj Chad Sudha Venkatesh 72/4/round/ card / 8.2cms. dia./ Mysore style 2000
108 Bangalore, Karnataka Ashta Dikpala Sudha Venkatesh 96/8/round / card / 8.0cms. dia./ Mysore style 1996
109 Bangalore, Karnataka Navagraha (nine planets) Sudha Venkatesh 108/9/round / card / 8.7cms. dia./ Mysore style 2002
110 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Hindu Astro-mythological cards with 22 major arcane consisting of planets and Zodiac gods/goddesses and 56 minor arcanas of Visnu, Brahma, Shiva and Indra suits. Conceptualized by Gordhandas, the set was handpainted by artists from Sawantwadi in 1990 78 cards / rectangle / card / 11.00cms. x 8.2cms. 1990
111 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Hindu Astro-mythological cards Sawantwadi 78/round/card/9.5cms. dia./ ivory colour background 1990
112 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Hindu Astro-mythological cards Sawantwadi 78/ small/rectangle/ card / 8.2cms. x 6.00cms. 1990
113 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Hindu Astro-mythological cards Sawantwadi 78/rectangle/card/ 8.2cms x 11.5 cms./ chocolate brown 1992
114 Pune, Maharashtra Dashavatara cards, circa 1940 Printed in Chitrashala Printing Press, Poona- circa.1940 120/10/round/ card/ 2.75cms. dia. 1940
115 Sheopur, Madhya Pradesh Dashavatara, facsimile ca. 18 CE. Printed by Vito Arientti, Italy   120/10/round/ card / 8.3cms. dia / printed 1980
116 Rajasthan Moghul ganjifa -18 CE; printed by Fournier and Co., Spain in 2004 from the original set in the Museum's collection.   96/8/round/ card/ 6.1cms. dia 2004
117 Rajasthan/ Madhya Pradesh Moghul ganjifa- of 19 CE, printed by Fournier and Co. Spain around 2004     96/8/round/ card / 7.5cms. dia 2004
118 Mysore/ USA     Ashta Dikapala - ganjifa of 96 cards -originally painted in Mysore, circa. 1996– printed in USA, private, in 2004   96/8/round/ card- 7.7 cms. dia. 2004
119   Puri, Orissa Dashavatara Not known 144-1 (Total 143 cards / One card missing-nine of Narasimha.) / 12 /rectangle/ Sandalwood / 7.6 cms. x 4.7 cms. 1996
120   Raghurajpur, Orissa Navadurga (Nine forms of Goddess Durga) ganjifa Banamali Mahapatra 108 / 9 /round /card / 10.1 cms. dia. / pradhans show nine different forms of Durgadevi. 2007
121 Chikiti, Orissa Ath-Rangi Sara: rath-hathi Appana Mahapatro 96-1 (Total 95 cards-One card missing) / 8 / Round / Patta / 7.8 cms. dia. / All the rajas and pradhans are the same except for the suit colours. A gambling game from Gajapati dist., Orissa. 1986
122 Sawantwadi, Maharashtra Moghul ganjifa: - Changakanchan Workshop 96 / 8 / Round / Card / 10.2 cms. dia / 2008
123 Raghurajpur, Orissa Navagraha Banamali Mahapatra 108 / 9 / Round / Card / 9.9 cms. dia / 2005
124 Bishnupur, W. Bengal Krishna -Leela ganjifa Mousumi Fouzdar 108 / 9 / Round / Patta / 9.6 cms. dia / 2007