Research Methodology

Module 1 – Research Methodology: A review of the Fundamentals
  • Meaning of Research
  • Definitions of Research
  • Objectives of Research
  • Motivation in Research
  • General Characteristics of Research
  • Criteria of Good Research
  • Scientific Thinking
  • What is a Research Problem
  • Selecting the Problem
Module 2  – Types of Research
  • Basic Applied
  • Evaluation
  • Case Studies
  • Experiments
  • Ethnography
  • Phenomenology
  • Ground Theory (GT)
  • Action Research
  • Mixed-methods
  • Longitudinal
Module 3 – The Review of Literature
  • Meaning of Review of Literature
  • Need of Review of Literature
  • Objectives of Review of Literature
  • Sources of Literature; The Functions of Literature
  • How to Conduct the Review of Literature
  • Some Hints for the Review of Literature
  • Precautions in Library Use
  • Reporting the Review of Literature
Module 4 – The Research Hypotheses
  • Meaning of Hypothesis
  • Definitions of Hypothesis
  • Nature of Hypothesis
  • Functions of Hypothesis
  • Importance of Hypothesis
  • Kinds of Hypothesis
  • Characteristics of a Good Hypothesis
  • Variables in a Hypothesis
  • Formulating a Hypothesis
  • Testing the Hypothesis — Z-test, t-test, F-test, chi-square test
Module 5 – Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
  • One-way ANOVA
  • Two-way ANOVA
  • MANOVA; Analytical Tools—SPSS, R
  • Basic statistical methods
Module 6 – Data Collection Methods
  • Primary data Collection
  • Secondary data Collection
  • Questionnaires
  • Interviews
  • Focus Groups
  • Observation
Module 7 – Sampling
  • Meaning and Definition of Sampling
  • Functions of Population
  • Methods of Sampling
  • Characteristics of a Good Sample
  • Size of a Sample
  • The Sample Cycle
Module 8 – IPR Issues
  • What is IPR?
  • Introduction to Copyright
  • CC License
  • Introduction to Plagiarism
Module 9 –  E-Research Literacy
  • Concepts Related With Research Originality
  • Ethics
  • Scientific Misconduct: FFP
  • Redundant Publication
  • Selective Reporting and Misrepresentation
  • Concept of Plagiarism
  • Use of Plagiarism Detection Tools- Urkund, iThenticate
  • Digital Humanities
  • SciFinder, SciVal, ORCID, Scopus, Web Of Science, Google Scholar, Microsoft Academic Search, Impactstory, ResearchGate, etc
Module 10 –  Publication Ethics
  • Publication Ethics: Definition, Introduction and Importance
  • Best Practices/standard settings initiatives: COPE, WAME
  • Conflicts of interest
  • Publication Misconduct
  • Predatory Publisher and Journals
  • Violation of ethics, authorship and contributorship
  • Identification of Publication misconduct, complaints and appeal
Module 11 –  Reference Management & Citation Analysis
  • Concepts and Significance of Reference Management
  • Referencing standards
  • Software and Tools: Mendeley, Endnote, Zotero etc
  • Impact factors
  • Impact factor analysis tool and techniques
  • Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, Ininformetrics and Altametrics h.index, g index, i10index
Module 12 – Research Data & Data Management
  • Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom
  • Types of Data and Data Resources
  • Data Repositories: Types and Functionalities
  • Data Management: DM Policy, DM Planning, Data Interviews
  • Data Sharing Techniques, Data Reuse, Data Citation
  • Organization of Data, Documentation, Metadata and File Formats
  • Content Generation Skills: Professional Writing and Documentation
Module 13 – Open Access Publishing (Practice)
  • Open Access Publication and initiative
  • SHERPA/RoMEO online resource to check publisher copyright and self archiving Polices
  • Software tool to identify predatory publications developed by SPPU
  • Journal finder/journal suggestion tool JANE, Elsevier Journal Finder, Springer
  • Software tool to identify predatory publication developed by SPPU
  • Data Sharing Techniques, Data Reuse, Data Citation
Module 14 – Publication Misconduct
  • Group Discussions on Subject specific issues, FFP, authorship
  • Conflicts of interest
  • Complaints and appeals: example and fraud from India and abroad
  • Training on plagiarism software like Turnitin, Urkund and other open source software tool
Module 15 – Databases and Research
  • Indexing databases
  • Citation Databases: Web of science, Scopus etc
  • Impact factor of Journals as per Journal Citation Report , SNIP, SJR, IPP, Cite Score